मई 28, 2023

Rajneeti Guru

राजनीति, व्यापार, मनोरंजन, प्रौद्योगिकी, खेल, जीवन शैली और अधिक पर भारत से आज ही नवीनतम भारत समाचार और ताज़ा समाचार प्राप्त करें

कैल्टेक इंजीनियरों ने असामान्य रूप से कठिन नई सामग्री विकसित की है

पॉलिमर से निर्मित जटिल सामग्री, तन्यता की कठोरता को सरल लेकिन संरचनात्मक रूप से समान सामग्री से बेहतर प्रदर्शित करती है, जिसमें ऐसी सामग्री शामिल होती है जिसमें व्यक्तिगत किस्में गाँठ के बजाय आपस में जुड़ी होती हैं। साभार: कैलिफोर्निया इंस्टीट्यूट ऑफ टेक्नोलॉजी

कैल्टेक इंजीनियरों ने नैनो- और नैनो-इंजीनियर सामग्री के क्षेत्र में एक नई सामग्री बनाकर एक बड़ी सफलता हासिल की है जिसमें कई परस्पर अतिसूक्ष्म नोड्स शामिल हैं।

उन सामग्रियों की तुलना में जो संरचनात्मक रूप से समान हैं लेकिन इंटरलॉक नहीं करते हैं, इस नई सामग्री में समुद्री मील की उपस्थिति इसे अधिक ऊर्जा को अवशोषित करने और बिना किसी नुकसान के अपने मूल आकार में लौटने से पहले अधिक विकृत करने में सक्षम बनाकर इसकी स्थायित्व को बढ़ाती है। इन जटिल नई सामग्रियों को उनकी मजबूती, संभावित जैव-अनुकूलता और उच्च विकृति के कारण बायोमेडिसिन के साथ-साथ एयरोस्पेस अनुप्रयोगों में भी इस्तेमाल किया जा सकता है।

सामग्री विरूपण और तन्यता क्रूरता के बीच सामान्य व्यापार-बंद को दूर करने की क्षमता [the ability to be stretched without breaking] ऐसे उपकरणों को डिजाइन करने के नए तरीके प्रदान करता है जो लचीले, अत्यधिक टिकाऊ होते हैं, और चरम स्थितियों में काम कर सकते हैं,” पूर्व कैल्टेक स्नातक छात्र विडिएंटो पी। मोएस्टोपो एक पेपर के प्रमुख लेखक हैं।[{” attribute=””>nanoscale knots that was published on March 8 in Science Advances.

Moestopo helped develop the material in the lab of Julia R. Greer, the Ruben F. and Donna Mettler Professor of Materials Science, Mechanics and Medical Engineering; Fletcher Jones Foundation director of the Kavli Nanoscience Institute; and senior author of the Science Advances paper. Greer is at the forefront of the creation of such nano-architected materials, or materials whose structure is designed and organized at a nanometer scale and that consequently exhibit unusual, often surprising properties.

Microscale Knots Strength Test

The tensile strength of a material constructed with microscale knots (left), compared to that of a material that lacks knots but is otherwise structurally identical (right). Credit: Caltech

“Embarking on understanding how the knots would affect the mechanical response of micro-architected materials was a new out-of-the-box idea,” Greer says. “We had done extensive research on studying the mechanical deformation of many other types of micro-textiles, for example, lattices and woven materials. Venturing into the world of knots allowed us to gain deeper insights into the role of friction and energy dissipation, and proved to be meaningful.”

Each knot is around 70 micrometers in height and width, and each fiber has a radius of around 1.7 micrometers (around one-hundredth the radius of a human hair). While these are not the smallest knots ever made—in 2017 chemists tied a knot made from an individual strand of atoms—this does represent the first time that a material composed of numerous knots at this scale has ever been created. Further, it demonstrates the potential value of including these nanoscale knots in a material—for example, for suturing or tethering in biomedicine.

The knotted materials, which were created out of polymers, exhibit a tensile toughness that far surpasses materials that are unknotted but otherwise structurally identical, including ones where individual strands are interwoven instead of knotted. When compared to their unknotted counterparts, the knotted materials absorb 92 percent more energy and require more than twice the amount of strain to snap when pulled.

The knots were not tied but rather manufactured in a knotted state by using advanced high-resolution 3D lithography capable of producing structures in the nanoscale. The samples detailed in the Science Advances paper contain simple knots—an overhand knot with an extra twist that provides additional friction to absorb additional energy while the material is stretched. In the future, the team plans to explore materials constructed from more complex knots.

Moestopo’s interest in knots grew out of research he was conducting in 2020 during the COVID-19 lockdowns. “I came across some works from researchers who are studying the mechanics of physical knots as opposed to knots in a purely mathematical sense. I do not consider myself a climber, a sailor, or a mathematician, but I have tied knots throughout my life, so I thought it was worth trying to insert knots into my designs,” he says.

Reference: “Knots are not for naught: Design, properties, and topology of hierarchical intertwined microarchitected materials” by Widianto P. Moestopo, Sammy Shaker, Weiting Deng and Julia R. Greer, 8 March 2023, Science Advances.
DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.ade6725

The study was funded by the National Science Foundation through Moestopo’s Graduate Research Fellowship Program, Caltech’s Clinard Innovation Fund, Greer’s Vannevar Bush Faculty Fellowship, and the Office of Naval Research.

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